A 3-year follow-up in the dutch general population

Ad Bergsma1, Margreet ten Have2, Ruut Veenhoven1 & Ron de Graaf2
Journal of Positive Psychology, 2011, 6: 253-259 DOI:10.1080/17439760.2011.577086

Three questions are addressed: 1) How (un)happy are people with and without mental disorders? 2) What are the clinical characteristics associated with happiness among people with a mental disorder? 3) Does happiness predict recovery from mental disorders? A representative sample (N = 7076) of the Dutch population was interviewed at baseline and one and three years later. Mental disorders were assessed using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview. Happiness was measured using a single question on how often respondents had felt happy during the last four weeks. Of the respondents with a mental disorder 68.4% reported they had felt often happy, compared to 89.1% without a disorder. The unhappiness of people with mental disorders is associated with having a mood disorder and impaired emotional and social role functioning. Happiness enhances the changes of recovery from a mental disorder at follow-up. The implications are discussed.

Keywords: anxiety disorders, happiness, mental disorders, mood disorders, substance related disorders

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